Where is Tyrol located in Austria?
Tyrol (/tɪˈroʊl, taɪ-, ˈtaɪroʊl/; German: Tirol [tiˈʁoːl] ( listen); Italian: Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria. It comprises the Austrian part of the historical Princely County of Tyrol.
Why is Tyrol so important to Europe?
Tyrol has long been a central hub for European long-distance routes and thus a transit land for trans-European trade over the Alps. As early as the 1st century B.C. Tyrol had one of the most important north–south links of the Roman Empire, the Via Claudia Augusta.
Where does the name Tyrol come from?
According to Egon Kühebacher [ de], the name Tyrol derives from a root word meaning terrain (i.e. area, ground or soil; compare Latin: terra and Old Irish: tir ); first from the village of Tirol, and its castle; from which the County of Tyrol grew.
When was the first settlement in Tyrol?
The earliest archaeological records of human settlement in Tyrol have been found in the Tischofer Cave. They date from the Palaeolithic, about 28,000–27,000 BP. The same cave has also yielded evidence of human occupation during the Bronze Age (very roughly, 4000–3000 BP (2000–1000 BC)).